Scientific articles, book chapters and books can also be published immediately Open Access by paying an article processing charge (APC). The alternatives are gold or hybrid Open Access.
Gold OA means publishing an article in journal where all the content is immediately open. It is also possible to publish a book accoding to Open Access principles. Some publishers also provide an opportunity to publish a chapter as Open Access. The book processing charges (BPC) vary between 5 000 - 15 000 euro for major international publishers. Helsinki University Press (HUP) and Tampere University Press (TUP) have been profiled as Open Access publishers in Finland.
Hybrid OA means publishing in a subscription based journal and the author can open his/her article by paying an article processing charge determined by the publisher. Otherwise the journal is only available for readers who have paid the subscription fee. This way the publisher collects money from both the author and the readers.
The Tampere higher education community has discounts to article processing charges.
Tampere University Press (TUP) is an Open Access publisher of peer-reviewed academic books focusing on social and human sciences. TUP books are immediately openly available in the Trepo Repository and the OAPEN Library , for example, and are also indexed in the Directory of Open Access Books TUP does not collect Book Processing Charges for open access publishing.
Theses and series of the Tampere higher education community are published Open Access and they are available via institutional repositories of the Tampere Universities. The theses and series are openly accessible and can be printed for private use. For some theses only an abstract or bibliographic information is available.
Publishing theses and series open access increases the visibility. They get also a permanent e-address and they can be found through search engines.