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Open education and open educational resources: Openness in learning and teaching


Welcome to Tampere University Library guide: Open education and open educational resources

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Open education

  • Open education is part of open science.
  • Openness in teaching allows for the sharing of a wide range of learning materials and teaching practices.
  • Open Educational Resources (OER) are defined by UNESCO as materials such as course books, articles, online courses, or computer software that can be used freely and free of charge for teaching and learning. They are either free of copyright or licensed under a license that allows free use, modification, and distribution of the material.
  • The development of open educational resources should also consider accessibility and suitability for a wide range of learners.

Open educational practices (OEP) support the production and use of open educational resources. In addition to course materials, curricula, lesson plans, evaluation matrix and learning outcomes can be distributed. The open education allows for co-creation with different experts.

Guides and more information

European Network of Open Education Librarians

The European Network of Open Education Librarians (ENOEL) is part of SPARC Europe’s efforts to make open the default for research and education in Europe.

VIDEO: You Tube. (1:39) What is OER? (CC-BY 4.0: CCSSO-Council of Chief State School Officers)

Recommmendation on open educational resources


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