Responsible conduct of research and good scientific practice should be followed at all times. Each researcher and research group member is responsible for ensuring that their research complies with the generally accepted ethical principles. Ethical review is needed in precisely defined research configurations. See more at Finnish National Board of Research Integrity.
Ethical commitees in Tampere:
There are several national advisory boards which promote and review ethical issues of research:
the researcher complies with the standards set for scientific knowledge in planning and conducting the research, in reporting the research results and in recording the data obtained during the research.
Certain research configurations require an ethical review. These include cases where there is additional risks to research participants, for example when sensitive personal data are collected. An ethical review examines, from the perspective of avoiding risk and harm, how the research will be conducted, what information will be given to subjects, and how data will be collected, processed and stored. The aim of the review is to protect the research subjects and safeguard the researcher's legal protection. Ethical review has to be obtained before the research can begin. In addition, many research funders and publishers require that an ethical review is conducted.
In other fields, ethical review in needed in precisely defined research configurations:
The study involves an intervention in the physical integrity of subjects,
The study deviates from the principle of informed consent (ethical review is not required if the research is based on public documents, registries or archived data),
The subjects are children under the age of 15, and the study is not part of the normal activities of a school or an institution of early childhood education and care, and the data are collected without parental consent and without providing the parents or guardians the opportunity to prevent the child from taking part in the study,
The study exposes research subjects to exceptionally strong stimuli and evaluating possible harm requires special expertise (for example, studies containing violence or pornography),
The study may cause long-term mental harm (trauma, depression, sleeplessness) beyond the risks encountered in normal life,
The study can signify a security risk to subjects (for example, studies concerning domestic violence).
Research Data Services assist the staff and students of the Tampere higher education community in matters related to research data management. What we do:
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